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08: WordNet, http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/~wn/

WordNet is a Lexical Database for English, designed by the Cognitive Science Laboratory of the Princeton University, under the direction of Professor George A. Miller (Principal Investigator).

It is an on-line lexical reference system whose design is inspired by current psycholinguistic theories of human lexical memory. English nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are organized into synonym sets, each representing one underlying lexical concept. Different relations link the synonym sets.

They work with 5 categories: verbs, adverbs, nouns, function words and adjectives. For each word the system provides the total synonyms (synets), for instance 9 for the word “board”. The engine provides lists by frequency to help the analysis of the meaning of texts by mean of robots.

Note: in this type of works sites the seed of an universal language translator once an universal thesaurus of meaning could be created. Let deep inside this project by searching the different meanings of the word “stock”:

The noun "stock" has 17 senses in WordNet.

1. stock -- (the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to partial ownership; "he owns a controlling share of the company's stock")
2. broth, stock -- (liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; "she made gravy with a base of beef stock")
3. stock, inventory -- (the merchandise that a shop has on hand; "they carried a vast inventory of hardware")
4. store, stock, fund -- (a supply of something available for future use; "he brought back a large store of Cuban cigars")
5. livestock, stock, farm animal -- (not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit)
6. lineage, line, line of descent, descent, bloodline, blood line, blood, pedigree, ancestry, origin, parentage, stock -- (the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors")
7. stock, gunstock -- (the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock")
8. stock -- (the reputation and popularity a person has; "his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor")
9. breed, strain, stock, variety -- (a special kind of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new variety of sheep")
10. stock -- (wood used in the construction of something; "they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter")
11. stock certificate, stock -- (a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation; "the value of his stocks doubled during the past year")
12. Malcolm stock, stock -- (any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia)
13. stock -- (a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants)
14. stock, gillyflower -- (any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers)
15. stock -- (the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the cue by the stock")
16. stock, caudex -- (persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant)
17. neckcloth, stock -- (an ornamental white cravat)

And to deep even more inside the meaning structure you could ask for synonyms grouped by similarity and with their corresponding glosses having:

Sense 7
stock, gunstock -- (the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock")
=> handle, grip, handgrip, hold -- (the part of an object designed to be held in order to use or move it)
=> support -- (any device that bears the weight of another thing; "there was no place to attach supports for a shelf")

Sense 15
stock -- (the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the cue by the stock")
=> handle, grip, handgrip, hold -- (the part of an object designed to be held in order to use or move it)
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Sense 12
Malcolm stock, stock -- (any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia)
=> flower -- (a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms)

Sense 14
stock, gillyflower -- (any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers)
=> flower -- (a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms)
--------------

Sense 1
stock -- (the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to partial ownership; "he owns a controlling share of the company's stock")
=> capital, working capital -- (assets available for use in the production of further assets)

Sense 11
stock certificate, stock -- (a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation; "the value of his stocks doubled during the past year")
=> security, certificate -- (a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends; "he held several valuable securities")
--------------

Sense 3
stock, inventory -- (the merchandise that a shop has on hand; "they carried a vast inventory of hardware")
=> merchandise, wares, product -- (commodities offered for sale; "good business depends on having good merchandise"; "that store offers a variety of products")

Sense 4
store, stock, fund -- (a supply of something available for future use; "he brought back a large store of Cuban cigars")
=> accumulation -- ((finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation)
--------------

Sense 5
livestock, stock, farm animal -- (not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit)
=> placental, placental mammal, eutherian, eutherian mammal -- (mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials)

Sense 9
breed, strain, stock, variety -- (a special kind of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new variety of sheep")
=> animal group -- (a group of animals)
--------------

Sense 13
stock -- (a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants)
=> plant part -- (any part of a plant or fungus)

Sense 16
stock, caudex -- (persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant)
=> stalk, stem -- (a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ)
--------------

Sense 2
broth, stock -- (liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; "she made gravy with a base of beef stock")
=> soup -- (liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food)
--------------

Sense 6
lineage, line, line of descent, descent, bloodline, blood line, blood, pedigree, ancestry, origin, parentage, stock -- (the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors")
=> genealogy, family tree -- (successive generations of kin)
--------------

Sense 8
stock -- (the reputation and popularity a person has; "his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor")
=> repute, reputation -- (the state of being held in high esteem and honor)
--------------

Sense 10
stock -- (wood used in the construction of something; "they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter")
=> lumber, timber -- (the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material)
--------------

Sense 17
neckcloth, stock -- (an ornamental white cravat)
=> cravat -- (neckwear worn in a slipknot with long ends overlapping vertically in front)
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